Thing > MedicalEntity > Substance > ChemicalSubstance > PharmaceuticalSubstance > Drug

A chemical or biologic substance, used as a medical therapy, that has a physiological effect on an organism. Here the term drug is used interchangeably with the term medicine although clinical knowledge make a clear difference between them.
PropertyExpected TypeDescription
Properties from Drug
activeIngredient Text An active ingredient, typically chemical compounds and/or biologic substances.
administrationRoute Text A route by which this drug may be administered, e.g. 'oral'.
adverseDrugEvent http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/SNOMEDCT/62014003  or
AdverseDrugReaction 
Adverse drug events (ADEs) are defined as any injuries resulting from medication use, including physical harm, mental harm, or loss of function. ADEs, compared to medication errors, are a more direct measure of patient harm.
alcoholWarning Text Any precaution, guidance, contraindication, etc. related to consumption of alcohol while taking this drug.
availableStrength DrugStrength An available dosage strength for the drug.
breastfeedingWarning Text Any precaution, guidance, contraindication, etc. related to this drug's use by breastfeeding mothers.
clinicalPharmacology Text Description of the absorption and elimination of drugs, including their concentration (pharmacokinetics, pK) and biological effects (pharmacodynamics, pD).
cost DrugCost Cost per unit of the drug, as reported by the source being tagged.
dosageForm Text A dosage form in which this drug/supplement is available, e.g. 'tablet', 'suspension', 'injection'.
doseSchedule DoseSchedule A dosing schedule for the drug for a given population, either observed, recommended, or maximum dose based on the type used.
drugClass DrugClass The class of drug this belongs to (e.g., statins).
drugDispensator HealthcareProfessional Health care professional entitled to deliver drugs on prescription to the end-consumer (pharmacist).
drugIntaken http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/SNOMEDCT/129019007 Specifying an event of taking cure medication, related to a medication period
drugPackage DrugPackage Specifying the drug package resource
drugPreparation http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/SNOMEDCT/105904009 Specifying a drug preparation used in a procedure, typically prepared for a patient from one or multiple drug packages
foodWarning Text Any precaution, guidance, contraindication, etc. related to consumption of specific foods while taking this drug.
interactingDrug Drug Another drug that is known to interact with this drug in a way that impacts the effect of this drug or causes a risk to the patient. Note: disease interactions are typically captured as contraindications.
isAvailableGenerically Boolean True if the drug is available in a generic form (regardless of name).
isProprietary Boolean True if this item's name is a proprietary/brand name (vs. generic name).
labelDetails URL Link to the drug's label details.
legalStatus DrugLegalStatus The drug or supplement's legal status, including any controlled substance schedules that apply.
manufacturer Organization The manufacturer of the product.
mechanismOfAction Text The specific biochemical interaction through which this drug or supplement produces its pharmacological effect.
nonProprietaryName Text The generic name of this drug or supplement.
overdosage Text Any information related to overdose on a drug, including signs or symptoms, treatments, contact information for emergency response.
pregnancyCategory DrugPregnancyCategory Pregnancy category of this drug.
pregnancyWarning Text Any precaution, guidance, contraindication, etc. related to this drug's use during pregnancy.
prescribingInfo URL Link to prescribing information for the drug.
prescriptionStatus DrugPrescriptionStatus Indicates whether this drug is available by prescription or over-the-counter.
relatedDrug Drug Any other drug related to this one, for example commonly-prescribed alternatives.
warning URL  or
Text 
Any FDA or other warnings about the drug (text or URL).
Properties from PharmaceuticalSubstance
activeIngredient Text An active ingredient, typically chemical compounds and/or biologic substances.
Properties from MedicalEntity
alternateName Text An alias for the item.
belongsTo MedicalEntity Specifying a resource to which another resource belongs. Typically here it's used to link a medicalRecord to the Patient where isPartOf can't be used'. e.g :MedicalRecord schema:belongsTo :Patient
bodyPosition http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/SNOMEDCT/364830008 Specifying a position of human body or anatomical entity in given space e.g. Supine body position, standing position, sitting position etc.
causalityStatus MedicalEntity Causality score or ranking following a codified system (like HL7 causalityExpectation) or not.
code MedicalCode A medical code for the entity, taken from a controlled vocabulary or ontology such as ICD-9, DiseasesDB, MeSH, SNOMED-CT, RxNorm, etc.
dateTime DateTime Specifying an instant of something. Typically derived from W3C Time Ontology this describes a point in time when an event or action occurs.
guideline MedicalGuideline A medical guideline related to this entity.
interval QuantitativeValue Typically derived from W3C Time Ontology this describes a time interval when an event or action occurs.
medicalDepartment MedicalDepartment Specifying the medical department where a procedure or a care event is taking place or attended by a patient.
medicalScore MedicalScore Specifying a medical score resource
medicineSystem MedicineSystem The system of medicine that includes this MedicalEntity, for example 'evidence-based', 'homeopathic', 'chiropractic', etc.
physiologicalRole PhysiologicalEntity Specifying any physiological role of something
playsRole MedicalEntity Specifying the role played by an agent
possibleCause MedicalEntity Specifying a possible cause of something
rankOrder Number The rank order number of something. Typically used together with schema:numerator and schema:denominator. eg. refill number 4 out of 10.
recognizingAuthority Organization If applicable, the organization that officially recognizes this entity as part of its endorsed system of medicine.
relevantSpecialty MedicalSpecialty If applicable, a medical specialty in which this entity is relevant.
severity Severity Specifying a severity evaluation of a disease: typically by classification resource or ranking scale: mild, moderate, severe, life threatening or fatal
study MedicalStudy A medical study or trial related to this entity.
totalValue Number Total number of something.
Properties from Thing
additionalType URL An additional type for the item, typically used for adding more specific types from external vocabularies in microdata syntax. This is a relationship between something and a class that the thing is in. In RDFa syntax, it is better to use the native RDFa syntax - the 'typeof' attribute - for multiple types. Schema.org tools may have only weaker understanding of extra types, in particular those defined externally.
alternateName Text An alias for the item.
description Text A short description of the item.
image URL  or
ImageObject 
URL of an image of the item.
name Text The name of the item.
potentialAction Action Indicates a potential Action, which describes an idealized action in which this thing would play an 'object' role.
sameAs URL URL of a reference Web page that unambiguously indicates the item's identity. E.g. the URL of the item's Wikipedia page, Freebase page, or official website.
url URL URL of the item.


Instances of Drug may appear as values for the following properties
PropertyOn TypesDescription
affectedBy MedicalTest Drugs that affect the test's results.
drug TherapeuticProcedure  or
MedicalCondition  or
DrugClass  or
Patient 
Specifying a drug or medicine used in a medication procedure
interactingDrug Drug Another drug that is known to interact with this drug in a way that impacts the effect of this drug or causes a risk to the patient. Note: disease interactions are typically captured as contraindications.
recommendedTreatment MedicalCondition  or
Patient 
Specifying a recommended treatment of a given patient (like pediatric person) or a medical condition.
relatedDrug Drug Any other drug related to this one, for example commonly-prescribed alternatives.
treatment MedicalCondition  or
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/SNOMEDCT/64572001  or
Patient 
Specifying a treatment or management or therapeutic procedures for a disorder or a patient

Acknowledgements

This class contains information contributed by WikiDoc.


Examples

<h1>Drug Info: PainAwayMax</h1>
PainAwayMax is a brand of ibuprofen manufactured by FooCorp. It is an
analgesic in the class of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAID) drugs.
It is used to temporarily relieve minor aches and pains due
to:
<ul>
  <li>headache</li>
  <li>toothache</li>
  <li>backache</li>
  <li>menstrual cramps</li>
  <li>the common cold</li>
  <li>muscular aches</li>
  <li>minor pain of arthritis</li>
</ul>
and to temporarily reduce fever.
<br>
It is available in the US as a non-prescription drug in the form of
tablets and capsules.
<br>
Common side effects include diarrhea, constipation, bloating,
dizziniess, or nervousness. Call a doctor immediately if you
experience any of the following rare but serious side effects:
vomiting blood, bloody stools, or stomach pain that does not get better.
<br>
Do not use PainAwayMax if you have ever had an allergic reaction to any
other pain reliever/fever reducer, or right before or after heart surgery.
<br>
<b>Warning:</b> NSAIDs may cause severe stomach bleeding.
<div itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Drug">
  <h1>Drug Info: <span itemprop="name">PainAwayMax</span></h1>
  PainAwayMax is a brand of
  <span itemprop="alternateName">ibuprofen</span> manufactured by
  <span itemprop="manufacturer" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Organization">
    <span itemprop="name">FooCorp</span>
  </span>.
  It is an
  <span itemprop="drugClass" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/DrugClass">
   <span itemprop="name">analgesic</span>
  </span> in the class of
  <span itemprop="drugClass" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/DrugClass">
    <span itemprop="name">nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory</span>
    (<span itemprop="alternateName">NSAID</span>)
  </span>
  drugs.
  It is used to temporarily relieve minor aches and pains due to:
  <ul>
    <li><span itemprop="indication" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/TreatmentIndication">
          <span itemprop="name">headache</span>
        </span></li>
    <li><span itemprop="indication" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/TreatmentIndication">
          <span itemprop="name">toothache</span>
        </span></li>
    <li><span itemprop="indication" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/TreatmentIndication">
          <span itemprop="name">backache</span>
        </span></li>
    <li><span itemprop="indication" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/TreatmentIndication">
          <span itemprop="name">menstrual cramps</span>
        </span></li>
    <li><span itemprop="indication" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/TreatmentIndication">
          the <span itemprop="name">common cold</span>
        </span></li>
    <li><span itemprop="indication" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/TreatmentIndication">
          <span itemprop="name">muscular aches</span>
        </span></li>
    <li><span itemprop="indication" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/TreatmentIndication">
          <span itemprop="name">minor pain of arthritis</span>
        </span></li>
  </ul>
  and to temporarily reduce
  <span itemprop="indication" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/TreatmentIndication">
    <span itemprop="name">fever</span>
  </span>.
  <br>It is available in the
  <span itemprop="legalStatus" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/DrugLegalStatus">
    <span itemprop="applicableLocation">US</span> as a
    <span itemprop="name">non-prescription drug</span>
  </span>
  <link itemprop="prescriptionStatus" href="http://schema.org/OTC" />
  in the form of <span itemprop="dosageForm">tablets</span> and
  <span itemprop="dosageForm">capsules</span>.
  <br>
  Common side effects include
  <span itemprop="adverseOutcome" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalSymptom">
    <span itemprop="name">diarrhea</span>
  </span>,
  <span itemprop="adverseOutcome" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalSymptom">
    <span itemprop="name">constipation</span>
  </span>,
  <span itemprop="adverseOutcome" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalSymptom">
    <span itemprop="name">bloating</span>
  </span>,
  <span itemprop="adverseOutcome" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalSymptom">
    <span itemprop="name">dizziness</span>
  </span>, or
  <span itemprop="adverseOutcome" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalSymptom">
    <span itemprop="name">nervousness</span>
  </span>.
  Call a doctor immediately if you experience any of the following
  rare but serious side effects:
  <span itemprop="seriousAdverseOutcome" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalSymptom">
    <span itemprop="name">vomiting blood</span>
  </span>,
  <span itemprop="seriousAdverseOutcome" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalSymptom">
    <span itemprop="name">bloody stools</span>
  </span>, or
  <span itemprop="seriousAdverseOutcome" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalSymptom">
    <span itemprop="name">stomach pain that does not get better</span>
  </span>.
  <br>Do not use PainAwayMax if you have ever had an
  <span itemprop="contraindication" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalContraindication">
    <meta itemprop="name" content="allergic reaction to any pain reliever"/>
    allergic reaction to any other pain reliever/fever reducer
  </span>, or right before or after
  <span itemprop="contraindication" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalContraindication">
    <span itemprop="name">heart surgery</span>
  </span>.
  <br>
  <b>Warning:</b>
  <span itemprop="warning">NSAIDs may cause severe stomach bleeding</span>.
</div>
<div vocab="http://schema.org/" typeof="Drug">
  <h1>Drug Info: <span property="name">PainAwayMax</span></h1>
  PainAwayMax is a brand of
  <span property="alternateName">ibuprofen</span> manufactured by
  <span property="manufacturer"  typeof="Organization">
    <span property="name">FooCorp</span>
  </span>.
  It is an
  <span property="drugClass"  typeof="DrugClass">
   <span property="name">analgesic</span>
  </span> in the class of
  <span property="drugClass"  typeof="DrugClass">
    <span property="name">nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory</span>
    (<span property="alternateName">NSAID</span>)
  </span>
  drugs.
  It is used to temporarily relieve minor aches and pains due to:
  <ul>
    <li><span property="indication"  typeof="TreatmentIndication">
          <span property="name">headache</span>
        </span></li>
    <li><span property="indication"  typeof="TreatmentIndication">
          <span property="name">toothache</span>
        </span></li>
    <li><span property="indication"  typeof="TreatmentIndication">
          <span property="name">backache</span>
        </span></li>
    <li><span property="indication"  typeof="TreatmentIndication">
          <span property="name">menstrual cramps</span>
        </span></li>
    <li><span property="indication"  typeof="TreatmentIndication">
          the <span property="name">common cold</span>
        </span></li>
    <li><span property="indication"  typeof="TreatmentIndication">
          <span property="name">muscular aches</span>
        </span></li>
    <li><span property="indication"  typeof="TreatmentIndication">
          <span property="name">minor pain of arthritis</span>
        </span></li>
  </ul>
  and to temporarily reduce
  <span property="indication"  typeof="TreatmentIndication">
    <span property="name">fever</span>
  </span>.
  <br>It is available in the
  <span property="legalStatus"  typeof="DrugLegalStatus">
    <span property="applicableLocation">US</span> as a
    <span property="name">non-prescription drug</span>
  </span>
  <link property="prescriptionStatus" href="http://schema.org/OTC" />
  in the form of <span property="dosageForm">tablets</span> and
  <span property="dosageForm">capsules</span>.
  <br>
  Common side effects include
  <span property="adverseOutcome"  typeof="MedicalSymptom">
    <span property="name">diarrhea</span>
  </span>,
  <span property="adverseOutcome"  typeof="MedicalSymptom">
    <span property="name">constipation</span>
  </span>,
  <span property="adverseOutcome"  typeof="MedicalSymptom">
    <span property="name">bloating</span>
  </span>,
  <span property="adverseOutcome"  typeof="MedicalSymptom">
    <span property="name">dizziness</span>
  </span>, or
  <span property="adverseOutcome"  typeof="MedicalSymptom">
    <span property="name">nervousness</span>
  </span>.
  Call a doctor immediately if you experience any of the following
  rare but serious side effects:
  <span property="seriousAdverseOutcome"  typeof="MedicalSymptom">
    <span property="name">vomiting blood</span>
  </span>,
  <span property="seriousAdverseOutcome"  typeof="MedicalSymptom">
    <span property="name">bloody stools</span>
  </span>, or
  <span property="seriousAdverseOutcome"  typeof="MedicalSymptom">
    <span property="name">stomach pain that does not get better</span>
  </span>.
  <br>Do not use PainAwayMax if you have ever had an
  <span property="contraindication"  typeof="MedicalContraindication">
    <meta property="name" content="allergic reaction to any pain reliever"/>
    allergic reaction to any other pain reliever/fever reducer
  </span>, or right before or after
  <span property="contraindication"  typeof="MedicalContraindication">
    <span property="name">heart surgery</span>
  </span>.
  <br>
  <b>Warning:</b>
  <span property="warning">NSAIDs may cause severe stomach bleeding</span>.
</div>
<script type="application/ld+json">
{
  "@context": "http://schema.org",
  "@type": "Drug",
  "adverseOutcome": [
    {
      "@type": "MedicalSymptom",
      "name": "diarrhea"
    },
    {
      "@type": "MedicalSymptom",
      "name": "constipation"
    },
    {
      "@type": "MedicalSymptom",
      "name": "bloating"
    },
    {
      "@type": "MedicalSymptom",
      "name": "dizziness"
    },
    {
      "@type": "MedicalSymptom",
      "name": "nervousness"
    }
  ],
  "alternateName": "ibuprofen",
  "contraindication": [
    {
      "@type": "MedicalContraindication",
      "name": "allergic reaction to any pain reliever"
    },
    {
      "@type": "MedicalContraindication",
      "name": "heart surgery"
    }
  ],
  "dosageForm": [
    "tablets",
    "capsules"
  ],
  "drugClass": [
    {
      "@type": "DrugClass",
      "name": "analgesic"
    },
    {
      "@type": "DrugClass",
      "alternateName": "NSAID",
      "name": "nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory"
    }
  ],
  "indication": [
    {
      "@type": "TreatmentIndication",
      "name": "headache"
    },
    {
      "@type": "TreatmentIndication",
      "name": "toothache"
    },
    {
      "@type": "TreatmentIndication",
      "name": "backache"
    },
    {
      "@type": "TreatmentIndication",
      "name": "menstrual cramps"
    },
    {
      "@type": "TreatmentIndication",
      "name": "common cold"
    },
    {
      "@type": "TreatmentIndication",
      "name": "muscular aches"
    },
    {
      "@type": "TreatmentIndication",
      "name": "minor pain of arthritis"
    },
    {
      "@type": "TreatmentIndication",
      "name": "fever"
    }
  ],
  "legalStatus": {
    "@type": "DrugLegalStatus",
    "applicableLocation": "US",
    "name": "non-prescription drug"
  },
  "manufacturer": {
    "@type": "Organization",
    "name": "FooCorp"
  },
  "name": "PainAwayMax",
  "prescriptionStatus": "http://schema.org/OTC",
  "seriousAdverseOutcome": [
    {
      "@type": "MedicalSymptom",
      "name": "vomiting blood"
    },
    {
      "@type": "MedicalSymptom",
      "name": "bloody stools"
    },
    {
      "@type": "MedicalSymptom",
      "name": "stomach pain that does not get better"
    }
  ],
  "warning": "NSAIDs may cause severe stomach bleeding"
}
</script>

Schema Version 1.8