Thing > MedicalEntity > ClinicalFinding > MedicalCondition > MedicalSignOrSymptom

Any feature associated or not with a medical condition. In medicine a symptom is generally subjective while a sign is objective.
PropertyExpected TypeDescription
Properties from MedicalSignOrSymptom
cause MedicalCause Specifying a cause of something in general. e.g in medicine , one of the causative agent(s) that are most directly responsible for the pathophysiologic process that eventually results in the occurrence.
possibleTreatment MedicalTherapy A possible treatment to address this condition, sign or symptom.
Properties from MedicalCondition
associatedAnatomy AnatomicalSystem  or
AnatomicalStructure  or
SuperficialAnatomy 
The anatomy of the underlying organ system or structures associated with this entity.
atWeeksAmenorrhea Number Specifying the weeks of amenorrhoea when an event occurs.
caringEvent CaringEvent Specifying an event wherein services are rendered by members of the health profession (or under their supervision) for the benefit of the patient.
cause MedicalCause Specifying a cause of something in general. e.g in medicine , one of the causative agent(s) that are most directly responsible for the pathophysiologic process that eventually results in the occurrence.
comorbidity MedicalCondition Specifying a health disorder simultaneously but independently existing with another health disorder in a human.
differentialDiagnosis DDxElement One of a set of differential diagnoses for the condition. Specifically, a closely-related or competing diagnosis typically considered later in the cognitive process whereby this medical condition is distinguished from others most likely responsible for a similar collection of signs and symptoms to reach the most parsimonious diagnosis or diagnoses in a patient.
drug http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/SNOMEDCT/410942007  or
Drug 
Specifying a drug or medicine used in a medication procedure
drugAdministration http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/SNOMEDCT/182832007 specifying the event of administering the drug to the patient. Typically associated with the route of administration i.e.oral, injection etc.
drugDispensation http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/SNOMEDCT/440298008 Specifying an drug dispensation event i.e the event of delivering the drug to the patient at pharmacy. This is different to the drug administration
drugIntaken http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/SNOMEDCT/129019007 Specifying an event of taking cure medication, related to a medication period
epidemiology Text The characteristics of associated patients, such as age, gender, race etc.
expectedPrognosis Text The likely outcome in either the short term or long term of the medical condition.
medicalSign Specifying a sign resource
naturalProgression Text The expected progression of the condition if it is not treated and allowed to progress naturally.
onsetMode OnsetMode Specifying a way a process, an illness, or an event comes into existence
pathophysiology Text Changes in the normal mechanical, physical, and biochemical functions that are associated with this activity or condition.
possibleComplication Text A possible unexpected and unfavorable evolution of a medical condition. Complications may include worsening of the signs or symptoms of the disease, extension of the condition to other organ systems, etc.
possibleTreatment MedicalTherapy A possible treatment to address this condition, sign or symptom.
primaryPrevention MedicalTherapy A preventative therapy used to prevent an initial occurrence of the medical condition, such as vaccination.
recommendedTreatment TherapeuticProcedure  or
Drug 
Specifying a recommended treatment of a given patient (like pediatric person) or a medical condition.
riskFactor MedicalRiskFactor A modifiable or non-modifiable factor that increases the risk of a patient contracting this condition, e.g. age, coexisting condition.
secondaryPrevention MedicalTherapy A preventative therapy used to prevent reoccurrence of the medical condition after an initial episode of the condition.
signOrSymptom MedicalSignOrSymptom A sign or symptom of this condition. Signs are objective or physically observable manifestations of the medical condition while symptoms are the subjective experience of the medical condition.
stage MedicalConditionStage The stage of the condition, if applicable.
subtype Text A more specific type of the condition, where applicable, for example 'Type 1 Diabetes', 'Type 2 Diabetes', or 'Gestational Diabetes' for Diabetes.
treatment TherapeuticProcedure  or
MedicalTherapy  or
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/SNOMEDCT/277132007  or
Drug 
Specifying a treatment or management or therapeutic procedures for a disorder or a patient
typicalTest MedicalTest A medical test typically performed given this condition.
Properties from ClinicalFinding
anatomicalOrgan AnatomicalOrgan Specifying the anatomical organ for a resource
anatomicalRegion AnatomicalRegion Specifying the anatomical region for a resource
anatomicalStructure AnatomicalStructure Specifying the anatomical structure for a resource
anatomicalSystem AnatomicalSystem Specifying the anatomical system for a resource
bodySide Text Specifying the laterality of the body structure, body organ, or body region.
healthFacility HealthFacility Specifying a health facility where care is being given.
interpretation http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/SNOMEDCT/243814003  or
http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/SNOMEDCT/277034006 
Specifying an interpretation of something or concise and clinically contextualized narrative interpretation of laboratory results or medical test.
medicalClinic MedicalClinic Specifying the medical clinic where a procedure or a care event is taking place or attended by a patient.
medicalDepartment MedicalDepartment Specifying the medical department where a procedure or a care event is taking place or attended by a patient.
medicalRoom MedicalRoom Specifying the medical room where a procedure or a care event is taking place or attended by a patient.
medicalUnit MedicalUnit Specifying the medical department unit where a procedure or a care event is taking place or attended by a patient.
medicalWard MedicalWard Specifying the medical ward (a set of rooms) where a procedure or a care event is taking place or attended by a patient.
physicalExamination PhysicalExam Specifying a physical examination procedure resource for a patient or a person
Properties from MedicalEntity
alternateName Text An alias for the item.
belongsTo MedicalEntity Specifying a resource to which another resource belongs. Typically here it's used to link a medicalRecord to the Patient where isPartOf can't be used'. e.g :MedicalRecord schema:belongsTo :Patient
bodyPosition http://purl.bioontology.org/ontology/SNOMEDCT/364830008 Specifying a position of human body or anatomical entity in given space e.g. Supine body position, standing position, sitting position etc.
causalityStatus MedicalEntity Causality score or ranking following a codified system (like HL7 causalityExpectation) or not.
code MedicalCode A medical code for the entity, taken from a controlled vocabulary or ontology such as ICD-9, DiseasesDB, MeSH, SNOMED-CT, RxNorm, etc.
dateTime DateTime Specifying an instant of something. Typically derived from W3C Time Ontology this describes a point in time when an event or action occurs.
guideline MedicalGuideline A medical guideline related to this entity.
interval QuantitativeValue Typically derived from W3C Time Ontology this describes a time interval when an event or action occurs.
medicalDepartment MedicalDepartment Specifying the medical department where a procedure or a care event is taking place or attended by a patient.
medicalScore MedicalScore Specifying a medical score resource
medicineSystem MedicineSystem The system of medicine that includes this MedicalEntity, for example 'evidence-based', 'homeopathic', 'chiropractic', etc.
physiologicalRole PhysiologicalEntity Specifying any physiological role of something
playsRole MedicalEntity Specifying the role played by an agent
possibleCause MedicalEntity Specifying a possible cause of something
rankOrder Number The rank order number of something. Typically used together with schema:numerator and schema:denominator. eg. refill number 4 out of 10.
recognizingAuthority Organization If applicable, the organization that officially recognizes this entity as part of its endorsed system of medicine.
relevantSpecialty MedicalSpecialty If applicable, a medical specialty in which this entity is relevant.
severity Severity Specifying a severity evaluation of a disease: typically by classification resource or ranking scale: mild, moderate, severe, life threatening or fatal
study MedicalStudy A medical study or trial related to this entity.
totalValue Number Total number of something.
Properties from Thing
additionalType URL An additional type for the item, typically used for adding more specific types from external vocabularies in microdata syntax. This is a relationship between something and a class that the thing is in. In RDFa syntax, it is better to use the native RDFa syntax - the 'typeof' attribute - for multiple types. Schema.org tools may have only weaker understanding of extra types, in particular those defined externally.
alternateName Text An alias for the item.
description Text A short description of the item.
image URL  or
ImageObject 
URL of an image of the item.
name Text The name of the item.
potentialAction Action Indicates a potential Action, which describes an idealized action in which this thing would play an 'object' role.
sameAs URL URL of a reference Web page that unambiguously indicates the item's identity. E.g. the URL of the item's Wikipedia page, Freebase page, or official website.
url URL URL of the item.


Instances of MedicalSignOrSymptom may appear as values for the following properties
PropertyOn TypesDescription
distinguishingSign DDxElement One of a set of signs and symptoms that can be used to distinguish this diagnosis from others in the differential diagnosis.
signOrSymptom MedicalCondition A sign or symptom of this condition. Signs are objective or physically observable manifestations of the medical condition while symptoms are the subjective experience of the medical condition.

More specific Types
  • MedicalSign
  • MedicalSymptom
  • TriageComplaint

    Acknowledgements

    This class contains information contributed by WikiDoc.


    Examples

    <h1>Stable angina (angina pectoris)</h1>
    Stable angina is a medical condition that affects the heart. The
    most common causes are atherosclerosis and spasms of the
    epicardial artery. Typical symptoms include:
    <ul>
      <li>chest discomfort</li>
      <li>feeling of tightness, heaviness, or pain in the chest</li>
    </ul>
    Both stable angina and a heart attack result in chest pain, but
    a heart attack will have chest pain lasting at least
    10 minutes at rest, repeated episodes of chest pain at rest
    lasting 5 or more minutes, or an accelerating pattern of chest
    discomfort (episodes that are more frequent, severe,
    longer in duration, and precipitated by minimal exertion).
    <br>
    Risk factors for stable angina include:
    <ul>
      <li>Age</li>
      <li>Gender</li>
      <li>Systolic blood pressure</li>
      <li>Smoking</li>
      <li>Total cholesterol and/or cholesterol:HDL ratio</li>
      <li>Coronary artery disease</li>
    </ul>
    The initial treatment for stable angina is usually drug therapy
    with aspirin, beta blockers, ACE inhibitors, and/or nitroglycerine.
    Future episodes of stable angina can sometimes be prevented by
    stopping smoking, weight management, and increased physical activity.
    
    <div itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalCondition">
      <h1><span itemprop="name">Stable angina</span>
        (<span itemprop="alternateName">angina pectoris</span>)</h1>
      <span itemprop="code" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalCode">
        <meta itemprop="code" content="413"/>
        <meta itemprop="codingSystem" content="ICD-9"/>
      </span>
      Stable angina is a medical condition that affects the
      <span itemprop="associatedAnatomy" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/AnatomicalStructure">
        <span itemprop="name">heart</span>
      </span>.
      The most common causes are
      <span itemprop="cause" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalCause">
        <span itemprop="name">atherosclerosis</span>
      </span>
      and
      <span itemprop="cause" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalCause">
        <span itemprop="name">spasms of the epicardial artery</span>
      </span>.
      Typical symptoms include:
      <ul>
        <li><span itemprop="signOrSymptom" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalSymptom">
              <span itemprop="name">chest discomfort</span>
            </span>
        </li>
        <li><span itemprop="signOrSymptom" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalSymptom">
              <span itemprop="name">feeling of tightness, heaviness,
                or pain in the chest</span>
            </span>
        </li>
      </ul>
      Both stable angina and a
      <span itemprop="differentialDiagnosis" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/DDxElement">
        <span itemprop="diagnosis" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalCondition">
          <span itemprop="name">heart attack</span>
        </span>
        result in chest pain, but a heart attack will have
        <span itemprop="distinguishingSign" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalSymptom">
          <span itemprop="name">chest pain lasting at least 10 minutes at rest</span>
        </span>,
        <span itemprop="distinguishingSign" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalSymptom">
          <span itemprop="name">repeated episodes of chest pain at rest
            lasting 5 or more minutes
          </span>
        </span>, or
        <span itemprop="distinguishingSign" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalSymptom">
          <span itemprop="name">an accelerating pattern of
            chest discomfort (episodes that are more frequent, severe,
            longer in duration, and precipitated by minimal exertion)
          </span>
        </span>
      </span>.
      <br>
      Risk factors for stable angina include:
      <ul>
        <li><span itemprop="riskFactor" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalRiskFactor">
              <span itemprop="name">Age</span>
            </span></li>
        <li><span itemprop="riskFactor" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalRiskFactor">
              <span itemprop="name">Gender</span>
            </span></li>
        <li><span itemprop="riskFactor" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalRiskFactor">
              <span itemprop="name">Systolic blood pressure</span>
            </span></li>
        <li><span itemprop="riskFactor" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalRiskFactor">
              <span itemprop="name">Smoking</span>
            </span></li>
        <li><span itemprop="riskFactor" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalRiskFactor">
              <span itemprop="name">Total cholesterol and/or cholesterol:HDL ratio</span>
            </span></li>
        <li><span itemprop="riskFactor" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/MedicalRiskFactor">
              <span itemprop="name">Coronary artery disease</span>
            </span></li>
      </ul>
      The initial treatment for stable angina is usually drug therapy
      with
      <span itemprop="possibleTreatment" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Drug">
        <span itemprop="name">aspirin</span>
      </span>,
      <span itemprop="possibleTreatment" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/DrugClass">
        <span itemprop="name">beta blockers</span>
      </span>,
      <span itemprop="possibleTreatment" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/DrugClass">
        <span itemprop="name">ACE inhibitors</span>
      </span>, and/or
      <span itemprop="possibleTreatment" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/Drug">
        <span itemprop="name">nitroglycerine</span>
      </span>,
      Future episodes of stable angina can sometimes be prevented by
      <span itemprop="secondaryPrevention" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/LifestyleModification">
        <span itemprop="name">stopping smoking</span>
      </span>,
      <span itemprop="secondaryPrevention" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/LifestyleModification">
        <span itemprop="name">weight management</span>
      </span>, and
      <span itemprop="secondaryPrevention" itemscope itemtype="http://schema.org/LifestyleModification">
        <span itemprop="name">increased physical activity</span>
      </span>.
    </div>
    
    <div vocab="http://schema.org/" typeof="MedicalCondition">
      <h1><span property="name">Stable angina</span>
        (<span property="alternateName">angina pectoris</span>)</h1>
      <span property="code"  typeof="MedicalCode">
        <meta property="code" content="413"/>
        <meta property="codingSystem" content="ICD-9"/>
      </span>
      Stable angina is a medical condition that affects the
      <span property="associatedAnatomy"  typeof="AnatomicalStructure">
        <span property="name">heart</span>
      </span>.
      The most common causes are
      <span property="cause"  typeof="MedicalCause">
        <span property="name">atherosclerosis</span>
      </span>
      and
      <span property="cause"  typeof="MedicalCause">
        <span property="name">spasms of the epicardial artery</span>
      </span>.
      Typical symptoms include:
      <ul>
        <li><span property="signOrSymptom"  typeof="MedicalSymptom">
              <span property="name">chest discomfort</span>
            </span>
        </li>
        <li><span property="signOrSymptom"  typeof="MedicalSymptom">
              <span property="name">feeling of tightness, heaviness,
                or pain in the chest</span>
            </span>
        </li>
      </ul>
      Both stable angina and a
      <span property="differentialDiagnosis"  typeof="DDxElement">
        <span property="diagnosis"  typeof="MedicalCondition">
          <span property="name">heart attack</span>
        </span>
        result in chest pain, but a heart attack will have
        <span property="distinguishingSign"  typeof="MedicalSymptom">
          <span property="name">chest pain lasting at least 10 minutes at rest</span>
        </span>,
        <span property="distinguishingSign"  typeof="MedicalSymptom">
          <span property="name">repeated episodes of chest pain at rest
            lasting 5 or more minutes
          </span>
        </span>, or
        <span property="distinguishingSign"  typeof="MedicalSymptom">
          <span property="name">an accelerating pattern of
            chest discomfort (episodes that are more frequent, severe,
            longer in duration, and precipitated by minimal exertion)
          </span>
        </span>
      </span>.
      <br>
      Risk factors for stable angina include:
      <ul>
        <li><span property="riskFactor"  typeof="MedicalRiskFactor">
              <span property="name">Age</span>
            </span></li>
        <li><span property="riskFactor"  typeof="MedicalRiskFactor">
              <span property="name">Gender</span>
            </span></li>
        <li><span property="riskFactor"  typeof="MedicalRiskFactor">
              <span property="name">Systolic blood pressure</span>
            </span></li>
        <li><span property="riskFactor"  typeof="MedicalRiskFactor">
              <span property="name">Smoking</span>
            </span></li>
        <li><span property="riskFactor"  typeof="MedicalRiskFactor">
              <span property="name">Total cholesterol and/or cholesterol:HDL ratio</span>
            </span></li>
        <li><span property="riskFactor"  typeof="MedicalRiskFactor">
              <span property="name">Coronary artery disease</span>
            </span></li>
      </ul>
      The initial treatment for stable angina is usually drug therapy
      with
      <span property="possibleTreatment"  typeof="Drug">
        <span property="name">aspirin</span>
      </span>,
      <span property="possibleTreatment"  typeof="DrugClass">
        <span property="name">beta blockers</span>
      </span>,
      <span property="possibleTreatment"  typeof="DrugClass">
        <span property="name">ACE inhibitors</span>
      </span>, and/or
      <span property="possibleTreatment"  typeof="Drug">
        <span property="name">nitroglycerine</span>
      </span>,
      Future episodes of stable angina can sometimes be prevented by
      <span property="secondaryPrevention"  typeof="LifestyleModification">
        <span property="name">stopping smoking</span>
      </span>,
      <span property="secondaryPrevention"  typeof="LifestyleModification">
        <span property="name">weight management</span>
      </span>, and
      <span property="secondaryPrevention"  typeof="LifestyleModification">
        <span property="name">increased physical activity</span>
      </span>.
    </div>
    
    <script type="application/ld+json">
    {
      "@context": "http://schema.org",
      "@type": "MedicalCondition",
      "alternateName": "angina pectoris",
      "associatedAnatomy": {
        "@type": "AnatomicalStructure",
        "name": "heart"
      },
      "cause": [
        {
          "@type": "MedicalCause",
          "name": "atherosclerosis"
        },
        {
          "@type": "MedicalCause",
          "name": "spasms of the epicardial artery"
        }
      ],
      "code": {
        "@type": "MedicalCode",
        "code": "413",
        "codingSystem": "ICD-9"
      },
      "differentialDiagnosis": {
        "@type": "DDxElement",
        "diagnosis": {
          "@type": "MedicalCondition",
          "name": "heart attack"
        },
        "distinguishingSign": [
          {
            "@type": "MedicalSymptom",
            "name": "chest pain lasting at least 10 minutes at rest"
          },
          {
            "@type": "MedicalSymptom",
            "name": "repeated episodes of chest pain at rest lasting 5 or more minutes"
          },
          {
            "@type": "MedicalSymptom",
            "name": "an accelerating pattern of chest discomfort (episodes that are more frequent, severe, longer in duration, and precipitated by minimal exertion)"
          }
        ]
      },
      "name": "Stable angina",
      "possibleTreatment": [
        {
          "@type": "Drug",
          "name": "aspirin"
        },
        {
          "@type": "DrugClass",
          "name": "beta blockers"
        },
        {
          "@type": "DrugClass",
          "name": "ACE inhibitors"
        },
        {
          "@type": "Drug",
          "name": "nitroglycerine"
        }
      ],
      "riskFactor": [
        {
          "@type": "MedicalRiskFactor",
          "name": "Age"
        },
        {
          "@type": "MedicalRiskFactor",
          "name": "Gender"
        },
        {
          "@type": "MedicalRiskFactor",
          "name": "Systolic blood pressure"
        },
        {
          "@type": "MedicalRiskFactor",
          "name": "Smoking"
        },
        {
          "@type": "MedicalRiskFactor",
          "name": "Total cholesterol and/or cholesterol:HDL ratio"
        },
        {
          "@type": "MedicalRiskFactor",
          "name": "Coronary artery disease"
        }
      ],
      "secondaryPrevention": [
        {
          "@type": "LifestyleModification",
          "name": "stopping smoking"
        },
        {
          "@type": "LifestyleModification",
          "name": "weight management"
        },
        {
          "@type": "LifestyleModification",
          "name": "increased physical activity"
        }
      ],
      "signOrSymptom": [
        {
          "@type": "MedicalSymptom",
          "name": "chest discomfort"
        },
        {
          "@type": "MedicalSymptom",
          "name": "feeling of tightness, heaviness, or pain in the chest"
        }
      ]
    }
    </script>
    

    Schema Version 1.8